Sometimes your flowers are just not in the right place. The method of transplanting your garden plants enables their relocation to the desired location.
Moreover, this process involves buying a sapling from your nearest garden store and planting it in your garden.
It will help your garden thrive with enhanced plant growth. Cooler weather is the perfect time to work on transplanting.
It is an excellent alternative to planting seeds as transplant plants already have healthier roots and a better chance at growing.
Being a sapling fresh out of seeds, the plants will have fragile rooting. However, a plant will have mature root systems that help with better transplanting. This process is widely used in agriculture to create sustainable produce.
We will discuss the basics of transplanting plants and everything it entails in this article.
Table of Contents
Why Is Transplanting Important?
You can compare this process with your moving to a new home. A plant must be unearthed and then planted in a new soil line to enhance its potency. Flowers like daylilies require this technique of gardening to rebloom.
Having a beautiful garden with your gardening efforts can increase the value of your property. The plants will provide you with many benefits that can last a lifetime. However, you need to use the transplanting process to ensure your plant’s best chance at survival.
You can rejuvenate plants fresh out of the seeds and re-establish them in a new position for better growth. Each plant has its unique nutrients. With transplanting, you can spread these nutrients along in your garden soil.
This method helps the garden look parallel, and everything compliments each other. Moreover, it will help you put up more beautiful flowers or plants in your garden cover. Transplantation will utilize all your garden bed space and ensure the is no soil going to waste.
The perfection achieved from transplanting can have a sense of accomplishment in you. It all depends on you having complete control over this process.
Pay careful attention to the watering based on weather changes. The watering will help with the transition process. With good watering, your plants will get bigger and greener. One of the top benefits of transplantation is how your successfully done garden will look afterwards.
It reinforces uniformity and helps your plants adapt to weather changes. Moreover, you may decrease the growth of weed in your garden. From annual plants to vegetable plants, you can transplant anything with success by having the right tools and knowledge.
You choose what plants are thriving and decide to divide and transplant. This straightforward process will not require any fancy tool.
You can cut the root system using a knife. Then you divide it by digging it up and re-planting. We will discuss the process later.
Moving plants can cause transplant shock. You can avoid these things many times, which we will discuss later in the article. Some drooping of a plant after moving around the plant is a sign of this condition. It happens due to the dehydration of the roots or absorption of water in bulk.
What Is The Best Time To Transplant?
The times vary from person to person. Some believe that spring is the best time for it, whereas some think it is fall. Nonetheless, the general rule for success with transplanting is to do it before the blooming of petals. Transplantation of perennials like daylilies during the springtime.
This process benefits bigger plants like shrubs and trees because it gives them time to get fully nourished and grow. Moreover, it enables the most growth of robust root systems. Transplanting during the spring season increases their survival during the winter months.
The best time is a very subjective question. It would help if you avoided the summer because of the warm sun, which can cause the plants to go in shock. One of the gardening tips is to carry forward with this process when it is cooler outside.
Plants generally use less water during the fall when it is raining. It is the best time to move the plants from their pots. While summer transplanting is possible if done early in the morning, professionals do not recommend it.
Plants transplanted during the fall require regular watering and more care. Moreover, they get rid of deceased soil.
During the winter, plants don’t get enough nutrition due to the frozen soil. Therefore, making transplantation impossible.
Sign up for transplantation when the sun is not so bright, and the weather is not severely cold.
Steps Of Transplantation
Before transplanting, make sure that the plant is healthy and not malnourished. If you want your plant to survive, you need to avoid using plants that have diseases.
Do not transplant plants that are in some old conditions. It will ensure failure in the process, as older roots cannot cope up with it.
Every plant is unique and requires a different approach to transplantation. Each of these steps will ensure the preservation of the plants.
- Mark your garden area where you want to move the plant.
- Take the plant out from its pot.
- Make sure that the root ball is perfectly watered.
- Inspect the roots properly and brush the soil away.
- Dig a hole that is twice the dimension of the root ball that stores your plant.
- Prepare the soil for transplantation.
- Make sure that there is no roughness to the root ball.
- Pour water to the soil where the roots will go.
- Set the root ball down in a slightly elevated position after forming a cone shape in the centre of the hole using fingers.
- Carefully put the plant roots and refill the hole with your garden soil.
- Firm the hole in a way that there are no air pockets.
- It is optional to add planting mix to the soil and gently settle the bed.
Adding more water to the soil surface will better your plants will settle. Make sure to keep a gentle hand throughout the process. Plants can feel the love and care we shower onto them.
The rootball needs intricate care as it is the very foundation of plant transplantation. It is the storing place of the plant before being put back into the hole.
It would help if you made sure that newly transplanted plants are taken care of daily. They are vulnerable to dry and warm weather. Water them every day in a balanced way! You can trim some leaves off the plant to ensure growth in the roots. Providing some shade to your transplant candidates helps a lot.
If you have arranged a place for your flowers, called a flower bed, you can water them regularly with a garden sprinkler. It will help preserve the moisture. In addition, you can add a small layer of compost around transplants.
Make sure to avoid the damaging of roots by not digging up too many plants at a time. It may be tempting to move them all at once, and it is not suitable for them. Moreover, keeping a plant dugout for long will expose the root balls to sunlight and make them dry out.
Once you have taken out the plant and chosen a location for it, immediately transplant it to that location to avoid risks.
1. Tips For Transplanting Rose Shrubs
You can transplant most of the rose bushes during spring. To do so, you would have to water the soil around the shrub to get it moist. Avoid making it soggy, though.
You can begin digging a little larger than the root ball of the plant. Further, you can prepare the plant by removing it from the pot with a garden spade. Then, you need to create a hole that will accommodate your rose transplants.
Put the bush in your desired spot and cover the roots with the soil. After which, you need to firm the soil around and water it well. However, all you need to do is place a keen eye on water adjustment depending on the weather.
If the weather seems hot, you need to water the plant for some time every day.
2. Tips For Transplanting Daylilies
The transplantation of perennials like daylilies is best during the early morning on a spring day. You can transplant all your perennial flowers when the sun is not that warm. It enables this plant to settle away from sunlight after transplanting.
You can start by watering the plant well enough to get it ready for the process. Keeping the soil moist will help you dig up the plant root of your daylily. You can create a place, like a planting hole, to put your plant in.
After that, you need to firm the soil around the plant and end it by watering it. Watering is one of the essential tips you need to keep in mind while helping your transplant settle.
3. Tips For Transplanting Vegetables
Transplants of vegetables like lettuce can is accessible during the cooler days of early spring. The light coldness in the weather will not harm the plant. However, a little hotter time is the best time to transplant pepper, cucumber, or tomato.
Start by making the soil area moist and preparing the hole to plant it in. Further, you can take out the vegetables and arrange them in the garden. Firm the potting soil and top it with water by soaking the ground.
The vegetable plant is tender, so avoiding the harsh sun is essential. Protect your transplant lettuce from damage by taking care of the leaves. Avoid showering them with forceful sprays of water.
4. Tips For Transplanting Annual Plants
You can transplant small annual plants only during the warm weather. You can either buy this plant in a seed packet, which will require the plant’s growth. Or, the flowers come in a plastic container.
Start by making the holes a few inches from one another. It will give the plant space to grow and blossom. Transplanting something like annual flowers is best during the onset of spring. Get your garden spot or hole ready with a perfect size for transplantation.
Get ready for the transplant by taking the plant out of the pot. After that, you need to loosen the roots and place them gently at your chosen place in the garden. After putting them in the spot, you can firm the soil around them to settle it in place.
You can now water the soil, making sure not to overdo it. Even if these flowers do not last much time, you can enjoy the beauty for a season.
What Is Transplant Shock In Plants?
A negative effect of transplanting is transplant shock. Nothing in nature has perfection embedded in their DNA. A plant, when moved from one soil environment to another, requires adjusting. It is a drastic change for the plant.
Newly planted seedlings or plants moved to another location are subject to shock. It may happen to plants that have damaged roots during the transplantation process.
The root may suffer from inadequate soil quality and temperatures that are much different from the conditions it was in before. Transplant shock may drastically affect plants.
Seedlings are baby plants that have just come out of the seed. Moreover, it may shock the seedlings when taken from the container and planted in a new soil area.
Before transplanting seedlings, you need to keep them in a pot for stable growth. The roots of seedlings are fragile and prone to damage. The process is somewhat the same, but the only difference is the intricacy it requires.
Plants will become wilted and look yellowish. Another result of this is an overall decline in plant health. Without proper care, transplants will cause damage to the plants and flowers.
The problems arising from transplanting are much avoidable. Some transplant shock preventer methods will help your plants avoid transplant shock.
- Take out most of the roots in the plant from the soil.
- The health of the roots is a priority.
- Make sure the root ball stays moist.
- Keep the soil level appropriate.
- Do not move the root ball much after transplanting.
- Water the transplanted plant thoroughly.
- A drainage hole for better irrigation.
Along with these, the transplant shock repair methods in your plant are as follows:
- Trim the back of the plant.
- Keep the roots moist by watering them daily.
- Add sugar to the soil.
- Give the plant some time to recover.
- Search for containers or a pot that can sustain a plant or a seedling.
- Make sure there is no damage to the soil.
- Search for the best quality rootball.
- Water the soil before and after the process.
- Be gentle and light while handling the plant.
- Transplant during cooler days, especially in spring.
- Have a good drainage hole near your garden.
- Water regularly.
- Add nutrients to the soil, if required.
- Before transplanting, prepare the soil by carving a hole for the plantation.
Transplantation is, therefore, a way to help plants have a better chance at growing. This process protects the soil from damage. Moreover, it ensures a quicker plant cover of your garden space.
It mitigates the growth of weed and distributes the nutrients evenly over the soil.
Transplanting plants should be done in the colder season for a better chance at proper development.
With the process of transplanting in your garden, the vegetation will look closer to nature. Your garden will look appealing and fresher, helping you show it off to your friends.
James Fields is the founder of Gardener to Farmer. His passion for gardening goes back to his childhood days when he would visit his grandfather during the holidays and help him with the plants in the backyard. This has now translated to creating a dependable resource for gardening.